This Pali-English Glossary contains all the Pali terms used in Notes on Dhamma together with their English equivalents (sometimes only approximate). Only the separate elements of some compound words are given. Words occurring in quoted Pali passages and whose meaning may be discovered from the English renderings of such passgaes are not always listed separately.
acinteyya—not to be speculated about, unthinkable.
ajjhatta—inside, internal, subjective. (Opp. bahiddhā.)
añña—other, another. (Opp. sa.)
atthapurisapuggalā—(the) eight individual men.
atakkāvacara—not in the sphere of reason or logic.
atidhāvati—(to) overrun, overshoot.
attavāda—belief in self.
anidassana—non-indication, non- indicative.
anuruddha-pativiruddha—approving-&-disapproving, accepting-&- rejecting,
anuloma—with the grain, in conformity. (Opp. patiloma.)
anulomikāya khantiyā samannāgato—one endowed with acquiescence in conformity.
aparapaccayā—not dependent on others.
abhisankhāra = sankhāra.
abhisañcetayati—(to) intend, will.
arahat—one who is worthy. (Usually untranslated.)
arahattā—state of the arahat.
ariya—noble. (Opp. puthujjana.)
avijjā—nescience. (Opp. vijjā.)
asmimāna—conceit '(I) am. ('Conceit', māna, is to be understood as a cross between
'concept' and 'pride'—almost the French 'orgueil' suitably attenuated. Asmi is 'I am'
without the pronoun, like the Latin 'sum'; but plain 'am' is too weak to render asmi,
and aham asmi ('ego sum') is too emphatic to be adequately rendered 'I am'.)
asmī ti chanda—desire '(I) am'. (See asmimāna.)
āneñja—immobility, unshakability, imperturbability.
Ucchedaditthi—annihilationist-view. (Opp. sassataditthi.)
upavicarati—(to) dwell upon, ponder.
kālika—temporal, involving time.
khandha—aggregate, mass, totality.
Gotrabhu—become of the clan or lineage. (Sometimes translated as 'one who destroys
the lineage'; the etymologists seem to be in doubt.)
citta—mind, consciousness, cognition, spirit, heart, purpose, (conscious) experience, &c.
(Citta is sometimes synonymous with mano, and sometimes not; it is occasionally
equivalent to viññāna in certain senses. Related to cetanā, but more general. Its
precise meaning must be determined afresh in each new context.)
cittavīthi—mental process, cognitive series.
cetanā—intention, volition, will.
cetasika—mental. (See citta.)
Tathāgata—(usually untranslated epithet of) the Buddha, (and, by transference, of) an arahat.
Tāvatimsa—'Heaven of the Thirty-Three'.
Ditthi—view. (Usually, wrong view.)
ditthigata—going to, involved with, consisting of, (wrong) view.
ditthisampanna—(one) attained to (right) view. (= sotāpanna.)
dukkha—unpleasure (opp. sukha), pain, suffering.
dutiya, tatiya tappurisa—accusative, instrumentive dependent determinative compound.
dhamma—thing, image, idea, essence, universal, teaching, Teaching, nature, natural law, ethic, ethical law, &c.
(cf. the Heraclitan 'logos').
dhamm'anvaya—inferability of the dhamma (to past and future).
dhammānusārī—teaching-follower. (Opp. saddhānusārī.)
pañc'upādānakkhandhā—five holding aggregates. (This needs expansion to be intelligible.)
patiloma—against the grain. (Opp. anuloma.)
patisotagāmī—going against the stream.
paramattha sacca—truth in the highest, or ultimate, or absolute, sense.
paritassanā—anxiety, anguish, angst.
pāna—animal, living being.
puthujjana—commoner. (Opp. ariya.)
punabbhavābhinibbatti—coming into renewed being, re-birth.
bahiddhā—outside, external, objective. (Opp. ajjhatta.)
maññati—(to) conceive. (See asmimāna.)
maññanā—conceiving. (See asmimāna.)
mano—mind. (See citta.)
mama—mine, of me.
micchāditthi—wrong view. (Opp. sammāditthi.)
me—mine. (Weaker than mama.)
Rāga = lobha.
ruppati—(to) 'matter', be broken. (Untranslatable verb from rūpa.)
rūpa—matter, substance, (visible) form.
lokuttara—beyond the world, world-transcending.
vijānāti—(to) cognize, be conscious (of).
vijjā—science. (Opp. avijjā.)
vipāka—ripening, result, consequence.
Sa—that, the same. (Opp. añña.)
sakkāya—person, somebody, personality.
sañcetanā = cetanā.
saññāvedayitanirodha—cessation of perception and feeling.
sati—mindfulness, recollection, memory.
satta—creature, sentient being.
sattama puggala—seventh individual.
saddhā—faith, confidence, trust.
saddhānusārī—faith-follower. (Opp. dhammānusārī.)
sanditthika—evident, immediately visible.
samudaya—appearing, arising, coming into being.
samphassa = phassa.
sammāditthi—right view. (Opp. micchāditthi.)
sassataditthi—eternalist-view. (Opp. ucchedaditthi.)
samsāra—running on (from existence to existence).
sukha—pleasure. (Opp. dukkha.)
sekha—one in training, (self-)trainer.
so (see sa).
sotāpatti—attaining of the stream.
hetu—condition (= paccaya).