a, ā, i, ī, u, ū, e, o,
k, kh, g, gh, ṅ,
c, ch, j, jh, ñ,
ṭ, ṭh, ḍ, ḍh, ṇ,
t, th, d, dh, n,
p, ph, b, bh, m,
y, r, l, ḷ, v, s, h, ṃ
acinteyya—not to be speculated about, unthinkable.
ajjhatta—inside, internal, subjective. (Opp. bahiddhā.)
añña—other, another. (Opp. sa.)
aññā—the arahat's knowledge.
aṭṭhapurisapuggalā—(the) eight individual men.
atakkāvacara—not in the sphere of reason or logic.
atidhāvati—(to) overrun, overshoot.
attavāda—belief in self.
attāni rūpaṃ—(regards) matter as being in self.
adhigama-saddhā—confidence due to undergoing.
an- —without. (prefix)
anattasaññā—perception of not-self.
ananto ākāsa—infinite space.
aniccasaññā—perception of impermanence.
anuruddha-paṭiviruddha—approving-&-disapproving, accepting-&-rejecting, attracting-&-repelling.
anuloma—with the grain, in conformity. (Opp. paṭiloma.)
anulomikāya khantiyā samannāgato—one endowed with acquiescence in conformity.
aparapaccayā—not dependent on others.
abbhānakamma—an act of rehabilitation, pertaining to Vinaya.
abhidhamma—higher (or extended) Teaching.
abhibhāyatana—sense for transcending (form).
abhivinaya—higher (or extended) discipline.
abhisaṅkhāra = saṅkhāra.
abhisañcetayati—(to) intend, will.
arahat—one who is worthy. (Usually untranslated.)
arahattā—state of the arahat.
ariya—noble. (Opp. puthujjana.)
ariyakanta—pleasing to the nobles.
arūpa = āruppa.
aluham (Sn)—a disease with patches on the skin.
avijjā—nescience. (Opp. vijjā.)
avijjāsamphassa—born of contact with nescience.
asubhasaññā—perception of the foul.
asekha—non-trainee (i.e. one who has finished his training, = arahat).
asmimāna—conceit '(I) am. ('Conceit', māna, is to be understood as a cross between 'concept' and 'pride'—almost the French 'orgueil' suitably attenuated. Asmi is 'I am' without the pronoun, like the Latin 'sum'; but plain 'am' is too weak to render asmi, and ahaṃ asmi ('ergo sum') is too emphatic to be adequately rendered 'I am'.)
asmī' ti chanda—desire '(I) am'. (See asmimāna.)
ākāsānañcāyatana—the base of infinite space.
āgantuka kuṭi—new-comer's hut.
ānāpānasati—mindfulness of breathing.
āneñja—immobility, unshakability, imperturbability.
āpatti desanā—confession of faults.
ārammaṇa—act of shunning; basis, object.
ida(p)paccayatā—dependence on this.
iddhi—accomplishment; power (usu. Supernormal).
indriyasaṃvara—restraint of the faculties.
indriyāni vippasannāni—exceptionally clear faculties.
iriyāpathas—modes of deportment, i.e. sitting, lying, standing, walking.
ucchedadiṭṭhi—annihilationist-view. (Opp. sassatadiṭṭhi.)
ucchedavāda—belief in annihilation.
ucchedavādin—one with belief in annihilation.
uddhacca-kukkucca—distraction and worry.
upavicarati—(to) dwell upon, ponder.
upasampadā—ordination (into the status of bhikkhu).
uppatti—appearance, arising, rebirth.
kaṭhina—annual occasion when the laity supply the cotton cloth to the bhikkhus for the purpose of making robes.
kammapatha—world of actions.
kasiṇa—whole, totality; a contemplation device.
kālika—temporal, involving time.
khandha—aggregate, mass, totality.
khīṇāsava—destruction of the cankers.
gilampasa (Sn)—beverages derived from gilāna paccaya(Pāli)
gotrabhu—become of the clan or lineage. (Sometimes translated as 'one who destroys the lineage'; the etymologists seem to be in doubt.)
cakkhuppāda—arising of the eye (of knowledge).
cakkhumanto—ones who have eyes.
cakkhusamphassajā vedanā—arises when the eye comes in contact with an object
caṅkamana—path for walking meditation.
citta—mind, consciousness, cognition, spirit, heart, purpose, (conscious) experience, &c. (Citta is sometimes synonymous with mano, and sometimes not; it is occasionally equivalent to viññāṇa in certain senses. Related to cetanā, but more general. Its precise meaning must be determined afresh in each new context.)
cittavīthi—mental process, cognitive series.
citt'ekaggatā—one-pointedness of mind.
cetanā—intention, volition, will.
cetasika—mental. (See citta.)
ṭhapaniya—to be set aside.
ṭhapanīya—that (which) should be put aside.
ṭhitassa aññathatta/ṃ—invariance under transformation.
Tathāgata—(usually untranslated epithet of) the Buddha, (and, by transference, of) an arahat.
Tāvatiṃsa—Heaven of the Thirty-Three.
tipiṭaka—three baskets, i.e. Vināya, Sutta and Abhidhamma.
dāna—gift, esp. of a meal.
dānasālā—a hall for the distribution of alms to the bhikkhus.
diṭṭhi—view. (Usually, wrong view.)
diṭṭhigata—going to, involved with, consisting of, (wrong) view.
diṭṭhipatta—attained through view.
diṭṭhisampanna—(one) attained to (right) view. (= sotāpanna.)
dukkaṭa—wrong-doing (a category of minor offences in the bhikkhu's disciplinary rules).
dukkha—unpleasure (opp. sukha), pain, suffering.
dukkhasaññā—perception of suffering.
dutiya, tatiya tappurisa—accusative, instrumentive dependent determinative compound. (Grammatical terms.)
deva (pl. devā)—deity .
dosakkhaya—destruction of hate.
dhamma—thing, image, idea, essence, universal, teaching, Teaching, nature, natural law, ethic, ethical law, &c. (cf. the Heraclitan 'logos').
dhamm'anvaya—inferability of the dhamma (to past and future).
dhammacakkhu—eye of the Dhamma.
dhammānupassanā—contemplation of (correct) ideas (of things).
dhammānusārī—teaching-follower. (Opp. saddhānusārī.)
nānakada—(Sin) bathing cloth.
niyyānika—leading out, leading to salvation.
neti (Sk)—not this.
nevasaññānāsaññāyatana—the base of neither-perception-nor-non-perception.
pajānāti, paññā—to understand, understanding.
pañc'upādānakkhandhā—five holding aggregates. (This needs expansion to be intelligible.)
paṭipucchāvyākaraṇīya—answerable by putting another question ???
paṭibaddha—bound up with.
paṭiloma—against the grain. (Opp. anuloma.)
paṭisotagāmī—going against the stream.
paṭhaviṃ maññati—he conceives earth.
paṭhaviṃ me ti maññati—he conceives 'earth is mine'.
paṭhavito maññati—he conceives externality of earth.
paṭhaviyā maññati—he conceives internality of earth.
padmāsana—lotus position (sitting cross-legged).
paramattha sacca—truth in the highest, or ultimate, or absolute, sense.
parijānāti—to see completely.
pariññeyya—to be known absolutely.
paritassanā—anxiety, anguish, angst.
pavāraṇā—the ceremony that concludes the vassa.
pahātabba—to be abandoned.
pāṇa—animal, living being.
puthujjana—commoner. (Opp. ariya.)
punabbhavābhinibbatti—coming into renewed being, re-birth.
bahiddhā—outside, external, objective. (Opp. ajjhatta.)
bāhiraka—one outside the Buddha's Dispensation.
Buddharūpa—an image of the Buddha (the earliest are some centuries after the Buddha).
bodhipakkhiya—on the side of awakening.
bodhisatta—creature pledged to enlightenment.
brahmacariya—the life of purity (i.e. celibacy).
brahmacārī—one living a pure life.
bhante—sir (monastic address, junior to senior; seniors address juniors, and equals to equals, as āvuso).
bhavataṇhā—craving for existence.
bhavataṇhāparikkhayā—having utterly destroyed craving for being.
bhavārāmatā, vibhavārāmatā—delight in being/non-being.
bhāvetabba—to be developed.
maggaṅga—factor of the path.
maññati—(to) conceive. (See asmimāna.)
maññāṇā—conceiving. (See asmimāna.)
mano—mind. (See citta.)
mama—mine, of me.
maraṇasati—mindfulness of death.
micchādiṭṭhi—wrong view. (Opp. sammādiṭṭhi.)
mūlapariyāya—root of all things.
me—mine. (Weaker than mama.)
mohakkhaya—destruction of delusion.
yogin—one in (meditative) discipline.
yoniso manasikāra—proper attention.
randhagavesī—looking for faults.
rāgakkhaya—destruction of lust.
ruppati—(to) 'matter', be broken. (Untranslatable verb from rūpa.)
rūpa—matter, substance, (visible) form.
rūpaṃ attato—(regards) matter/substance/form as self
rūpavantaṃ attānaṃ—(regards) self as possessing matter/substance/form
rūpasmiṃ attānaṃ—(regards) self as being in matter/substance/form
wandurā (Sn)—langur, monkey.
vassāna, vassa—rain, rainy season.
vijānāti—(to) cognize, be conscious (of).
vijjā—science, knowledge. (Opp. avijjā.)
vijjāvimutti—deliverance by science.
vijjāsamphassa—born of contact with science.
viññānañcāyatana—base of endless consciousness.
vinaya—discipline, 'leading out'.
vipāka—ripening, result, consequence.
vibhajjavyākaraṇīya—answerable analytically. ???
vibhavaṃ abhinandanti—rejoice at non-being.
vibhavataṇhā—craving for non-existence.
vohāra—term, way of speech, common usage.
sa—that, the same.
sa-upādisesa-nibbānadhātu—extinction element with remainder.
sakkāya—person, somebody, personality.
saṅkhatalakkhaṇa—characteristics of the determined.
saṅghādisesa—an offence requiring a meeting of the Order
sacchikātabba—to be realized.
sañcetanā = cetanā.
Saññāmayā = arūpin—formless ???
saññāvedayitanirodha—cessation of perception and feeling.
sāti—mindfulness, recollection, memory.
satindriya—faculty of mindfulness.
satipaṭṭhānā—foundations of mindfulness.
satibala—the power of mindfulness.
satisambojjhaṅga—the awakening factor of mindfulness.
satta—creature, sentient being.
satta-bojjhaṅgā—seven awakening factors.
sattama puggala—seventh individual.
saddhā—faith, confidence, trust.
saddhānusārī—faith-follower. (Opp. dhammānusārī.)
saddhāvimutta—released through faith.
saddhindriya—faculty of faith.
sandiṭṭhika—evident, immediately visible.
samaṇabrāhmaṇa—recluses and divines.
samatha—calmness; mental concentration.
samudaya—appearing, arising, coming into being.
samphassa = phassa.
sammādiṭṭhi—right view. (Opp. micchāditthi.)
sassatadiṭṭhi—eternalist-view. (Opp. ucchedadiṭṭhi.)
saṃsāra—running on (from existence to existence).
Sāsana—advice; used today in the sense of 'the Buddha's Dispensation'.
sīl (Sn) = sīla.
sīla—virtue, (right) conduct.
sīlabbata—rites and rituals; conduct and customs.
sīlabbataparāmāsa—attachment to conduct and custom.
sukha—pleasure. (Opp. dukkha.)
sekha—one in training, (self-)trainer.
so (see sa).
sotāpatti—attaining of the stream.
śivaliṅngam (Sk)—the phallus of Shiva (a stone found in many Hindu temples).
hetu—condition. (= paccaya)